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Good Friday

April 10, 2020

Christians are encouraged to prepare their homes for this time of meditation. Practices such as the use of candles and dimming the lights are recommended. A crucifix or cross might be displayed. Three candles are recommended, extinguishing one candle at each indicated point during the service.

425 When I Survey the Wondrous Cross


Opening Versicles

P O Lord, open my lips,

C and my mouth will declare Your praise.

P Make haste, O God, to deliver me;

C make haste to help me, O Lord.

Praise to You, O Christ, Lamb of our salvation.


Psalm 51 Psalm 51

1Have mercy on me, O God,
according to your | steadfast love;*
according to your abundant mercy
blot out my trans- | gressions.
2Wash me thoroughly from my in- | iquity,*
and cleanse me | from my sin!

3For I know my trans- | gressions,*
and my sin is ever be- | fore me.
4Against you, you only, have I sinned
and done what is evil | in your sight,*
so that you may be justified in your words
and blameless in your | judgment.
5Behold, I was brought forth in in- | iquity,*
and in sin did my mother con- | ceive me.
6Behold, you delight in truth in the inward | being,*
and you teach me wisdom in the | secret heart.

7Purge me with hyssop, and I | shall be clean;*
wash me, and I shall be whit- | er than snow.
8Let me hear joy and | gladness;*
let the bones that you have bro- | ken rejoice.
9Hide your face | from my sins,*
and blot out all my in- | iquities.
10Create in me a clean heart, | O God,*
and renew a right spirit with- | in me.
11Cast me not away from your | presence,*
and take not your Holy Spirit | from me.
12Restore to me the joy of your sal- | vation,*
and uphold me with a willing | spirit.

13Then I will teach transgressors | your ways,*
and sinners will re- | turn to you.
14Deliver me from bloodguiltiness, O God,
O God of my sal- | vation,*
and my tongue will sing aloud of your | righteousness.
15O Lord, open | my lips,*
and my mouth will de- | clare your praise.
16For you will not delight in sacrifice, or I would | give it;*
you will not be pleased with a burnt | offering.
17The sacrifices of God are a broken | spirit;*
a broken and contrite heart, O God, you will | not despise.

18Do good to Zion in your good | pleasure;*
build up the walls of Je- | rusalem;
19then will you delight in right sacrifices,
in burnt offerings and whole burnt | offerings;*
then bulls will be offered on your | altar.

The Passion of Our Lord Jesus Christ

450 O Sacred Head, Now Wounded sts. 1–3

P The Passion of Our Lord Jesus Christ according to St. John, the 19th chapter.

1Then Pilate took Jesus and flogged him. 2And the soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns and put it on his head and arrayed him in a purple robe. 3They came up to him, saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!” and struck him with their hands. 4Pilate went out again and said to them, “See, I am bringing him out to you that you may know that I find no guilt in him.” 5So Jesus came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. Pilate said to them, “Behold the man!” 6When the chief priests and the officers saw him, they cried out, “Crucify him, crucify him!” Pilate said to them, “Take him yourselves and crucify him, for I find no guilt in him.” 7The Jews answered him, “We have a law, and according to that law he ought to die because he has made himself the Son of God.” 8When Pilate heard this statement, he was even more afraid. 9He entered his headquarters again and said to Jesus, “Where are you from?” But Jesus gave him no answer. 10So Pilate said to him, “You will not speak to me? Do you not know that I have authority to release you and authority to crucify you?” 11Jesus answered him, “You would have no authority over me at all unless it had been given you from above. Therefore he who delivered me over to you has the greater sin.”

12From then on Pilate sought to release him, but the Jews cried out, “If you release this man, you are not Caesar’s friend. Everyone who makes himself a king opposes Caesar.” 13So when Pilate heard these words, he brought Jesus out and sat down on the judgment seat at a place called The Stone Pavement, and in Aramaic Gabbatha. 14Now it was the day of Preparation of the Passover. It was about the sixth hour. He said to the Jews, “Behold your King!” 15They cried out, “Away with him, away with him, crucify him!” Pilate said to them, “Shall I crucify your King?” The chief priests answered, “We have no king but Caesar.” 16So he delivered him over to them to be crucified.

So they took Jesus,

A candle is extinguished.

450 O Sacred Head, Now Wounded sts. 4–7


16So he delivered him over to them to be crucified.

So they took Jesus, 17and he went out, bearing his own cross, to the place called the place of a skull, which in Aramaic is called Golgotha. 18There they crucified him, and with him two others, one on either side, and Jesus between them. 19Pilate also wrote an inscription and put it on the cross. It read, “Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews.” 20Many of the Jews read this inscription, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and it was written in Aramaic, in Latin, and in Greek. 21So the chief priests of the Jews said to Pilate, “Do not write, ‘The King of the Jews,’ but rather, ‘This man said, I am King of the Jews.’” 22Pilate answered, “What I have written I have written.”

23When the soldiers had crucified Jesus, they took his garments and divided them into four parts, one part for each soldier; also his tunic. But the tunic was seamless, woven in one piece from top to bottom, 24so they said to one another, “Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it to see whose it shall be.” This was to fulfill the Scripture which says,

“They divided my garments among them,
and for my clothing they cast lots.”

So the soldiers did these things, 25but standing by the cross of Jesus were his mother and his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. 26When Jesus saw his mother and the disciple whom he loved standing nearby, he said to his mother, “Woman, behold, your son!” 27Then he said to the disciple, “Behold, your mother!” And from that hour the disciple took her to his own home.

28After this, Jesus, knowing that all was now finished, said (to fulfill the Scripture), “I thirst.” 29A jar full of sour wine stood there, so they put a sponge full of the sour wine on a hyssop branch and held it to his mouth. 30When Jesus had received the sour wine, he said, “It is finished,” and he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.

31Since it was the day of Preparation, and so that the bodies would not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high day), the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be broken and that they might be taken away. 32So the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first, and of the other who had been crucified with him. 33But when they came to Jesus and saw that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. 34But one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and at once there came out blood and water. 35He who saw it has borne witness—his testimony is true, and he knows that he is telling the truth—that you also may believe. 36For these things took place that the Scripture might be fulfilled: “Not one of his bones will be broken.” 37And again another Scripture says, “They will look on him whom they have pierced.”

38After these things Joseph of Arimathea, who was a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, asked Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus, and Pilate gave him permission. So he came and took away his body. 39Nicodemus also, who earlier had come to Jesus by night, came bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about seventy-five pounds in weight. 40So they took the body of Jesus and bound it in linen cloths with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews. 41Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb in which no one had yet been laid. 42So because of the Jewish day of Preparation, since the tomb was close at hand, they laid Jesus there.

P O Lord, have mercy on us.

C Thanks be to God.

A candle is extinguished.


P We have an advocate with the Father; Jesus is the propitiation for our sins.

C He was delivered up to death; He was delivered for the sins of the people.

P Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven and whose sin is put away.

C He was delivered up to death; He was delivered for the sins of the people.

P We have an advocate with the Father; Jesus is the propitiation for our sins.

C He was delivered up to death; He was delivered for the sins of the people.


451 Stricken, Smitten, and Afflicted




P Lord, have mercy.

C Lord, have mercy.

P Christ, have mercy.

C Christ, have mercy.

P Lord, have mercy.

C Lord, have mercy.

C Our Father who art in heaven,

   hallowed be Thy name,

   Thy kingdom come,

   Thy will be done on earth

        as it is in heaven;

   give us this day our daily bread;

   and forgive us our trespasses

        as we forgive those

        who trespass against us;

   and lead us not into temptation,

   but deliver us from evil.

For Thine is the kingdom

   and the power and the glory

   forever and ever. Amen.


Almighty and everlasting God, since You have revealed Your glory to all nations in Jesus Christ and in the Word of His truth, keep, we ask You, in safety the works of Your mercy so that Your Church, spread throughout all the nations, may be defended against the adversary and may serve You in true faith and persevere in the confession of Your name; through Jesus Christ, our Lord.


O merciful Father in heaven, because You hold in Your hand all the might of man and because You have ordained, for the punishment of evildoers and for the praise of those who do well, all the powers that exist in all the nations of the world, we humbly pray You graciously to regard Your servants, especially [name], our President; the Congress of the United States; [name], our Governor; and all those who make, administer, and judge our laws; that all who receive the sword as Your ministers may bear it according to Your Word; through Jesus Christ, our Lord.


Almighty and everlasting God, King of Glory, and Lord of heaven and earth, by whose Spirit all things are governed, by whose providence all things are ordered, the God of peace and the author of all concord, grant us, we implore You, Your heavenly peace and concord that we may serve You in true fear, to the praise and glory of Your name; through Jesus Christ, our Lord.


Almighty and everlasting God, the consolation of the sorrowful and the strength of the weak, may the prayers of those who in any tribulation or distress cry to You graciously come before You, so that in all their necessities they may rejoice in Your manifold help and comfort; through Jesus Christ, our Lord.

P The Lord be with you.

C And also with you.

P Let us pray.

Almighty God, graciously behold this Your family for whom our Lord Jesus Christ was willing to be betrayed and delivered into the hands of sinful men to suffer death upon the cross; through the same Jesus Christ, Your Son, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.

C Amen.

P Let us pray.

Almighty and everlasting God, You willed that Your Son should bear for us the pains of the cross and so remove from us the power of the adversary. Help us so to remember and give thanks for our Lord’s passion that we may receive forgiveness of sin and redemption from everlasting death; through Jesus Christ, our Lord.

C Amen.

Reading Psalm 22

1My God, my God, why have you for- | saken me?*
Why are you so far from saving me, from the words of my | groaning?
2O my God, I cry by day, but you do not | answer,*
and by night, but I | find no rest.

3Yet you are | holy,*
enthroned on the praises of | Israel.
4In you our fathers | trusted;*
they trusted, and you de- | livered them.
5To you they cried and were | rescued;*
in you they trusted and were not | put to shame.

6But I am a worm and | not a man,*
scorned by mankind and despised by the | people.
7All who see me | mock me;*
they make mouths at me; they | wag their heads;
8“He trusts in the Lord; let him de- | liver him;*
let him rescue him, for he de- | lights in him!”

9Yet you are he who took me | from the womb;*
you made me trust you at my | mother’s breasts.
10On you was I cast | from my birth,*
and from my mother’s womb you have | been my God.
11Be not far from me,
for trouble | is near,*
and there is | none to help.

12Many bulls en- | compass me;*
strong bulls of Bashan sur- | round me;
13they open wide their | mouths at me,*
like a ravening and roaring | lion.

14I am poured out like water,
and all my bones are | out of joint;*
my heart is like wax;
it is melted with- | in my breast;
15my strength is dried up like a potsherd,
and my tongue sticks | to my jaws;*
you lay me in the | dust of death.

16For dogs en- | compass me;*
a company of evildoers encircles me;
they have pierced my | hands and feet—
17I can count | all my bones—*
they stare and gloat | over me;
18they divide my garments a- | mong them,*
and for my clothing they | cast lots.

19But you, O Lord, do not be | far off!*
O you my help, come quickly | to my aid!
20Deliver my soul | from the sword,*
my precious life from the power | of the dog!
21Save me from the mouth of the | lion!*
You have rescued me from the horns of the wild | oxen!

22I will tell of your name to my | brothers;*
in the midst of the congregation I will | praise you:
23You who fear the Lord, praise him!
All you offspring of Jacob, glo- | rify him,*
and stand in awe of him, all you offspring of | Israel!
24For he has not despised or abhorred
the affliction of the afflicted,
and he has not hidden his | face from him,*
but has heard, when he | cried to him.

25From you comes my praise in the great congre- | gation;*
my vows I will perform before those who | fear him.
26The afflicted shall eat and be satisfied;
those who seek him shall | praise the Lord!*
May your hearts live for- | ever!

27All the ends of the earth shall remember
and turn | to the Lord,*
and all the families of the nations
shall worship be- | fore you.
28For kingship belongs | to the Lord,*
and he rules over the | nations.

29All the prosperous of the earth eat and | worship;*
before him shall bow all who go down to the dust,
even the one who could not keep him- | self alive.
30Posterity shall | serve him;*
it shall be told of the Lord to the coming gener- | ation;
31they shall come and proclaim his righteousness to a people | yet unborn,*
that he has | done it.

The final candle is extinguished.


Good Friday, Tenebrae Vespers from Lutheran Service Book

Unless otherwise indicated, Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Created by Lutheran Service Builder © 2018 Concordia Publishing House.